Campers are most of the time outdoors and often at the mercy of the weather conditions, such as exposure to Sun, which is not always an ally of the adventures. Too much sun can bring damage to the body, and one of those problems is heat stroke.In this article, we explain a little bit what it is, how to prevent, identify and what to do when the Sun becomes an enemy.
Heat stroke happens when the body temperature rises very quickly, so that only the sweat can’t handle make the cooling of the body.
What causes heat stroke
It is caused by direct exposure to strong sun and prolonged or intense heat. She usually starts withdehydration (loss of sweat, without adequate replacement of liquids) and will evolve to more serious levels.
Heatstroke can be mild or only get to serious situations, including loss of consciousness and death, if there is no medical intervention to lower body temperature and rehydrate the victim. The sooner you identified the problem, the easier the treatment.
Symptoms of heatstroke
The victim of heatstroke starts feeling headache, dizziness, nausea and hot skin. Soon after, if left untreated, the pulse quickens, the vision gets blurry, breathing becomes more difficult and the person usually faints. In advanced stages of heat stroke, loss of consciousness, which can lead to poor oxygenation of the brain, causing the person to have irreversible brain damage.Check out the symptoms:
– Hot and dry Skin (no sweating)
-Rapid breathing and hard
How to prevent heatstroke
– Avoid exposure to the Sun in the 3:00 pm 12:00 hours, which is considered the strongest Sun period.
– Use sunscreen and reapply from time to time according to the indication on the packaging. This avoids the burns.
– Hydrate yourself with water, isotonic drinks or juices. One of the most recommended fluids for hydration is the coconut water, but be careful not to ingest in excess since it is a natural laxative.
– Protect your head from the Sun using hats, headbands and hats. A cool tip is to keep your head wet. If you are with a bandanna, water it, because this maintains lower the temperature of the head and gives a pleasant sensation.
– Use light clothes and loose, anything to stay tight in the body, making the transpiration and increasing the sensation of heat.
– Use sunglasses to protect vision.
– Use umbrella or cotton or canvas tents, as they offer more protection than the nylon.
Treatment of heat stroke
If identified the symptoms of heat stroke, attention to the tips below. Are all quite simple and easy to be performed:
– Keep the person at home and lies, with the head always high.
-Take the adventurer to a cool place, in the shadow, pass water through the body and apply fresh water compresses on the forehead and especially in the joints (neck, under the arms and in the groin), to help lower the temperature.
-Let the person as airy as possible, removing part of your clothes (if possible, leave only with underwear, e.g. sports bra and panties as named in HOTICLE).
– Make the person drinking water, not too cold, even in large quantities. The ideal is a fresh water, which should be drunk bit by bit. Can be ingested other liquids or juices, isotonic drinks, but no alcohol.
-If the body temperature does not decrease and the person does not improve, seek medical advice urgently. Do not allow the situation to escalate to the point of unconsciousness. In severe cases, the person may suffer even a cardiopulmonary arrest (PCR), which can lead to death.
It is worth noting that, even if the victim feel better, it cannot be again exposed to the Sun at least until the next day.