The tent will be housing the adventurer during the camp. Must, therefore, offer the maximum comfort and security to protect against the wind, the rain, the cold, the Sun and insects. Your purchase must be very elaborate, expensive equipment and you must have the application specifies for your use.
Basically, there are three categories of stalls:
Suitable for camping – Usually large, spacious, “European” type, which resembles a “House” or “Cottage”. There are various models and sizes to meet all the demands in terms of comfort, as well as separate rooms, balconies, kitchens etc.
How are used for camping and usually transported by car, there is no concern with respect to volume and weight.
For general camps – Are lighter than previous, very comfortable and sturdy, usually in the format “Canadian”. Spacious, shelter about three to six people and do not weigh as much as the first.
For mountaineering – This activity requires more specialized equipment, light and of proven efficiency.
In recent years, the tents for mountain have endured many changes, from the new materials that are being used in your manufacturing. This has allowed them to become increasingly light, compact and resistant. Different types of nylon, Duralumin and fiberglass came to occupy the place of canvas, rubber, iron tubes etc.
The various models available on the market, with varied shapes and applications are indicated the lighter (about 2 to 4 pounds) in “Canadian”, “igloo” or “tubular”, for two or three people.
Canadian – Better known as “Boy Scout tent” has the shape of an inverted “v”. It’s simple to set up, as your support is typically formed by two poles or masts “vertical”, some with “Ridge”. Ceiling and sobreteto sloping down to the ground. The latest feature “v”-shaped external poles. Can be added also an extension of the advance call sobreteto, to serve as a kitchen or better protect occupants from the rain. This is the simplest model to assemble and disassemble. Can accommodate from two to six people.
Europe – Possess a tubular metal structure and internal divisions in rooms that provide greater mobility to its occupants. Its Assembly, thus, is more complex than the other. Depending on the type, can accommodate four to eight people.
Igloo – Its shape resembles an Eskimo igloo, with an external structure of arch shaped poles. Are resistant to strong winds and very comfortable, with a great use of internal space. Can accommodate two to four people.
Tubular – As the tents “igloo”, have an external structure of Poles in an arc, but forming a kind of “tube”. Are great for places where has little space and bad terrain conditions. Can accommodate from one to three people.
Attention: Depending on the manufacturer, model or application the stalls can be built with two ceilings or just one. The simple ceiling (which must obviously be waterproofed) despite the advantage of being lighter, do not have an efficient thermal insulation in addition to condense internally, in the fabric, moisture from perspiration to the occupants. In the tent of two ceilings, only the first is permeable, between him and the sobreteto holds up a layer of isothermal air 10 cm approximately.
Characteristics and a good Tent
Have internal or external frame instead, with poles well built, light and sturdy, anodised Duralumin or fiberglass resinada.
Have double stitching, passed and impermeable.
Be easy to assemble and disassemble.
The fabric of the floor should be thick, waterproof and sturdy, preferably waterproof nylon or Vulcanized tissue.
Own doors and Windows with mosquito netting for air circulation without allowing the entry of insects.
Height preferably not exceeding 1.5 metres, especially when it comes to camping in the mountains.
Note-When triggered: be firm, aerodynamics, without puckers or creases.
The sobreteto should be kept away from the ceiling, about 10 centimeters, and its edges should almost touch the ground.
The espeques must be of aluminum or plastic, with a design that makes them resistant to traction.
To arm and disarm the tent don’t step up shoes.
To disarm it, look clean and dry your interior and exterior. If you are wet from rain water, don’t forget to provide the drying as soon as I can. If seawater, rinse it with fresh water and dry it then.
Note periodically the seams. Whenever recosturar or patch, reimpermeabilize the silicone sealant, taking care to leave only a thin layer.
Don’t keep packed for a long time. Periodically extends for a few minutes in a well ventilated spot and with Sun to prevent mold.
Do not cook in your interior. Most modern tents has a breakthrough for this.
Hardly a tent needs to be washed. If necessary, pass only a damp cloth taking care not to splash it, putting at risk the your impermeability.
Avoid colors like red or orange, that attract certain insects and amazing birds.
While camping on the beaches, rather than take the espeques, bury them in the sand. Instead of using espeques, a dry twig, fallen, also buried will work best.
Clipping, an airlock, rings to use as stretchers between the spies and the espeques. This will keep your tent more safe and always stretched, even during a Gale.
Remember that various chemicals cause damage both to the tissues, and the waterproofing, as well as the oils of any kind: detergents, insect repellents, fuels etc.
How to pitch a Tent
Usually manufacturers provide a packet with a sketch on how to mount. It is important that, before leaving for a premiere, be tested mounting the tent to take questions and check if all accessories are included in the packaging. From there just to practice and experience count on quickly and efficiently.
Before arming it, note if the floor is free of rocks, roots and etc. Then cover it with a layer of a plastic film (tarp) that spans the entire area of the bottom of the tent. Although not essential, this procedure protects against moisture, dirt and still works as a thermal insulator.
Take the tent and lay her on the floor, separating its parts: body, Poles, espeques and sobreteto.
Place the body extended on the plastic and secure it in the soil taking care so that it stretched the necessary, without folds in the fabric. Insert the poles and stretch your back and side front, spies so aligned.
Cover the tent with the sobreteto (if you have), securing it with other espeques or in the same that they fund, according to each tent model.
Note If the body and sobreteto are always taut. Remember that they should not touch: keep them apart at a distance of approximately 10 cm from each other.
Attention : All toxic or flammable substance must be maintained outside the tent.
How to disarm a tent
Remove all your equipment inside and clean it thoroughly, passing up a damp cloth, if necessary. Disarm the following the reverse process of the frame. Loosen the espeques and the sobreteto, folding it then. Keep the spies, preferably without us, only with the binders, the case holds.
Remove the poles with care, keeping them in your packaging or linking them with a rubber band.
Release the espeques fixing the floor of the tent and fold it in original form, making sure it is all the zippers are closed.
Clean the espeques, if necessary, with water. Store them next to the tent, but not to force the fabric (in own packaging, for example).
That’s it, next week’s post will bring you tips on how to orient and position the tent in the campsite!