Trekking or Hiking: Do You Know the Differences?

Walking outdoors in nature is the essence of

trekking or hiking, terms adopted internationally and in Brazil by the practitioners of these activities. It is common, both here and outside, to confuse practice with the other, but there are great differences between them. Check the article today and learn more about the trekking or hiking:

Type of journey

The practice of hiking consists of a walk outdoors, without obstacles, on a trail marked by man, generally, within ecological parks and does not require a lot of physical fitness, and can be performed by people of all ages.

Already the trekking involves physical effort, overcome. Is limited generally to 6,000 meters above sea level and is not paved paths, in land and tracks with various types of obstacles. The trekking may require the use of maps, compasses and spatial orientation skills.


Generally, the trekking is carried out in areas of preservation, untouched by man, which makes this sport a much more interesting experience for lovers of adventure. For trekking enthusiasts, the more hostile and isolated, more interesting is the experience of the site.

The hiking, for your time, it’s an activity suitable for beginners and for people who just want to exercise and increase the contact with nature, but without risk for very long distances and with little structure.


The practice of hiking is much safer compared to trekking. Even so, requires minimal preparation, such as the use of clothes and shoes suitable for trail, take with water, groceries to track as a cereal bar and — always — a flashlight. If the route chosen for the hiking has duration of more than 4 hours (thinking round trip), it is desirable to do always in the company of someone.

At the trekking, the risk of accidents is much higher, since the land have little or no human interference and can be steep, slippery, among other factors. Depending on the path to be travelled and the number of days, it is desirable to have knowledge of first aid and survival skills. In addition, it is important that the practice of trekking is carried out, at least, a double, and that one of the members of the group have good experience with this type of activity.


A good planning is essential to the practice of trekking, since it’s a long route, which requires a good physical preparation and numerous, including equipment for camping. It is therefore necessary to conduct research on the region to which you intend to go, analyzing points as distance, weather, soil type, etc. To hiking, there is no need to plan so much. Just use the appropriate equipment and leaving for the walk.


For hiking, it is advisable to use quick drying clothes, shoes or boots for trail, for providing more stability and protection from whom a walk or race shoes, a hat, sunscreen and sunglasses, in addition to a small backpack with a sweater for cold, food and water for the time that you will be out.

To the practice of trekking, in addition to the equipment listed above include cargo backpack, sleeping bag and tent (if camping), and other equipment and accessories not less essential, as head extra batteries flashlight accessories, kitchen (stove, pans and cutlery), first aid kit and guidance equipment such as compass and/or GPS, map of the region as well as toiletries.

The practice of hiking and trekking, as well as extremely pleasant, brings numerous health benefits. If you want to start this type of activity, seek the guidance of a professional, use quality equipment and, most important of all: enjoy!

And then, trekking or hiking? Which of the two modes has more to do with you? Already practice some of them? Leave your opinion in the comments!