The roots of trekking are as old as man,after all,until relatively recently,walking was the most common way to get around.
Trekking differs from hiking in that the first runs along well-marked paths.The first trails as such were created in France after World War II.Many European countries followed the example and today we can find from small trails that run in a few hours to trails that require trips of days, weeks and even months to carry them out.
The most common trails are the Little Route or PR trails(less than 50 km) and the Great Traverse or GR trails (more than 50 km).They are marked with a type of specific and patented signals.
Among the characteristics that must be possessed by approved paths are: be passable throughout the year;Have a landscape, historical, ethnographic or environmental interest; Use and retrieve old communication channels; Do not need special techniques, knowledge or materials;Avoid mountainous peaks and not have strong slopes for long periods;In short, they must be able to be practiced without problem by the majority of the population.
No specialized equipment is required for hiking.Unless it is trails that take us several days, little else we will need a comfortable footwear.We can include water,something to eat, sunglasses, hat, sun cream and a camera in our backpack.As the trails are marked, it is not usually necessary to use maps,compasses and GPS.In case it is a GR trail that requires days or weeks we will have to expand and adapt our equipment and get us a quality footwear.